Types of Electric Vehicles


Author: ElAutomobiles.co.uk


Electric vehicles are not limited only on electric cars. In reality, there are several types of electric vehicles. One of the most common and known types of electric vehicles is the electric motorcycles. Companies like Vectrix and Zero Motorcycles have produced readily available in the market all-electric motorcycles, but the combination pairing of internal combustion engine and the electrical components had made the package difficult to handle especially for smaller brands. eCycle Inc had produced a series of diesel-electric motorcycles with a maximum top speed of 130 km/h and a target price of $5500. Peugeot HY motion3 compressor had released a hybrid scooter, a three wheeler that utilizes two separate sources of power in back and front wheels. The back wheel is powered by a single motor cylinder while the front wheels are each operated by their own electric motor. Only electric motors are used as start-stop basis when the motorcycle is moving up to 10km/h to reduce carbon emissions.

A number of car manufacturers are recently producing other types of electric vehicles, the light trucks and hybrid electric automobiles. Another types of electric vehicles that are manufactured are Microhybrids, they are small hybrid city cars. Also, the city of New York had started converting its taxi conventional design to hybrids in 2005, and as of July 2007, there are 375 active hybrid taxis registered.

Hybrid technology for electric buses, another types of electric vehicles had been increased the attention of the manufacturers since the latest innovations and development in the battery such as decreased weight had been implemented. Drive trains are now consists of conventional diesel engines with their gas turbines. Most of the designs had concentrated on improving the car engines while some have focused on using the conventional diesel engines in order to save on training and engineering costs. Still, several manufacturers still prefer on working on these types of electric vehicles, the hybrid drive trains that fit into the present chassis so, no major re-design is required. The challenge in manufacturing these types of electric vehicles is to produce cheaper and lightweight buses compared to the former imports from China. Hybrid buses also deliver efficiency in fuel through the hybrid drive train and are promoted by environmentally concerned authorities.

In 2003, General Motors introduced another types of electric vehicles, a hybrid diesel electric military light truck, fully equipped with a fuel cell auxiliary unit and a diesel electric. In 2004, Mercedes Benz and Micro-Vett SPA introduced their versions of hybrid electric light trucks. Eaton Corp and International Trucks and Engine Corp have been chosen to produce diesel-electric hybrid light trucks for a US pilot program to serve the utility industry. In the mid of 2005, on the Japanese market, Isuzu launched the Elf Diesel Hybrid Truck. They are claiming that almost 300 vehicles, most of which are route buses are utilizing HIMR or the Hybrid Inverter Controlled Motor and Retarder system. In 2007, was the appearance of the first US produced hybrid truck, International DuraStar Hybrid.

Other types of electric vehicles are hybrid locomotives and in May 2003, JR East had started to test run their NE which means New Energy train and had validated the systemís functionality which includes the series hybrid and lithium ion batteries in cold regions. Railpower Technologies in 2004 had been executing pilots in the US with the hybrid called the Green Goats, which aid to orders by the Canadian Pacific and Union Pacific Railways in early of 2005. This Railpower is offering hybrid electric road switchers. Diesel electric locomotives cannot be always considered as hybrid electric vehicles, not having storage energy on board, unless they are powered with electricity through a collector for short distances.

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